PRP, which stands for platelet-rich plasma therapy, is a type of minimally invasive technique used in plastic surgery for facial rejuvenation. Many know it as the ‘Vampire facelift’. PRP therapy involves the use of autologous platelets in a sample of concentrated plasma. The substrate that is used, is isolated from the patient’s own blood using a centrifuge. It is protein rich and contains necessary elements that help in skin rejuvenation and regeneration.
PRP therapy is used in plastic surgery in conditions such as; alopecia, where regeneration of hair follicles is required, scarring, acne, tissue healing (tendinopathy), osteoarthritis, and signs of aging.
The procedure itself involves injecting small amounts of the substrate under the dermis in areas that are affected. This triggers an inflammatory response which leads to growth factor release, stem cell recruitment, angiogenesis, and collagen production and deposition. The platelets are responsible for the release of growth factor which enhances said collagen production. Skin treated tightens and strengthens leading to a more youthful look within several weeks. Desired results are obtained at around 5-7 weeks and last up to 18 months.
PRP therapy procedure should only take approximately 30 minutes from blood sample taking to completion of this minimally invasive procedure.
Since the procedure is minimally invasive and does not involve deeper structures, it can be performed with the help of a topical anesthetic.
Side effects may include; redness and irritation around the site of injection, swelling, slight bruising, etc. Since the substrate used is obtained from the patient’s own blood, there is no risk of infection or for an allergic reaction to occur making it both minimally invasive and safe procedure.