Our gums play a vital role in the overall health of our oral cavity. The gingival tissue is responsible for providing a barrier between the tooth and underlying bone, helping to keep infections at bay. Gum recession is much more common than we think, with half the population suffering from some grade of the disease. As the gingiva recedes, a greater tooth surface area is exposed to harmful bacteria and hence a higher degree of decay. At their roots, teeth surfaces are less enamel dense and thus more susceptible to bacterial invasion. The tooth surface also is more sensitive to hot or cold stimuli which can leave people with a strong animosity to hot and cold beverages.
Some reasons why gum recession occurs include;
Harmful bacteria and plaque buildup can alter the gum margin leading to recession, exposure of underlying tooth structures and decay.
Brushing too hard and for too long.
Overzealous attempts to brush one’s teeth can not only damage the gums but cause them to recede over time leading to pockets that invite bacteria and plaque.
Genetics. Our genes play a key role in our dental architecture. Unfortunately, gene replacement therapy is yet still in its infancy, insufficiently researched in terms of long-term effects and controversial.
Tobacco staining. Tobacco stains teeth and cause damage to the gingival tissue by causing a reduction in blood flow, which can inherently cause gum recession.
Misalignment of teeth and uneven bite forces can result in gum recession over time. Usually affecting particular areas in the oral cavity. For the treatment of such, it is best to see a professional, reputable, board-certified orthodontist.
Depending on severity and reason for your gum recession, a professional can list a treatment plan that is specifically tailored to your case.
Bone surgery/Osseous surgery
This procedure involves grafting of healthy bone tissue to help make diseased structures functionally more stable. It is used in severe and late stages when substantial damage has occurred and infection having spread to alveolar bones.
Like bone grafting, gum grafting involves the transfer of healthy gum tissue, with an aim to restore the gum border with the tooth. Healthy tissue is commonly autologous in origin.
Scaling and planing are the two compository elements of dental deep cleaning. Scaling involves the removal of harmful plaque while planing includes the preventative step of smoothening the tooth surface so as to inhibit harmful bacteria from accumulating and propagating.
Dental appointments can be made to help you get a clear picture of your dental health and what treatment options are available for you.